In an effort to broaden the conversation about the horrific Gulf Coast oil spill, seven Fellows of the Post Carbon Institute in Santa Rosa, CA, offer their perspectives on largely under-reported aspects and outcomes of the disaster.
I think you’ll find the following comments to be QUITE interesting. /Gary
*** Erika Allen (Food/Agriculture & Social Justice fellow)
THE TRUE COSTS OF PRODUCTION & ENVIRONMENTAL RACISM
“As corporate entities continue to extract natural resources from the earth, whether on sea or land, there needs to be a shift in calculating the true costs of “production.” Risk management assessment needs to also include: costs associated with climate degradation both in terms of increasing fossil fuel and mineral use and, of particular interest in this latest disaster, the high costs of environmental racism.
“A colleague of mine, working in New Orleans (Nat Turner of the Blair St. Grocery Project), in a discussion about the oil spill and impacts on the ecosystem pointed out that this is poised to be a La Nina year with increased risk for powerhouse hurricanes that will suck up the oil and dump it all over an already devastated New Orleans and the Gulf Coast region. These hurricanes don’t need to make landfall, they just need to send oil-laden water to shore. This looming disaster, this transference of the millions of gallons of oil to shore, is something no one is calculating.
“We must demand corporate reparations and a full re-hauling of inspections and development of environmentally sound risk management and disaster preparedness plans for offshore oil drilling in our fragile seas.”
Erika Allen is Chicago Projects Manager for Growing Power, a nationally acclaimed non-profit organization and land trust led by founder Will Allen that provides equal access to healthy, high-quality, safe, and affordable food, especially in disadvantaged communities. She helps food producers of limited resources strengthen their farm businesses and work in partnerships to create healthy and diverse food options in inner city and rural communities. Erika is co-chair of the Chicago Food Policy Advisory Council, and was appointed by Governor Pat Quinn in 2008 to the Illinois Local and Organic Food and Farm Task Force.
***Bill Ryerson (Population Fellow)
WE DRILL TO SATISFY DEMAND: THE REAL CLEANUP STARTS WITH FAMILY PLANNING
“President Obama is expected to sign an executive order to form a Presidential commission to investigate the Gulf oil spill. We may never know who is directly liable, but we know with absolute certainty who bears the ultimate responsibility: it is us. We are drilling in hazard-prone areas because of humanity’s insatiable appetite for oil. And that’s just one of a myriad ways in which human activity is endangering wildlife.
“Last week, the Convention on Biological Diversity released its third Global Biodiversity Outlook report, and noted that the population of wild vertebrate species “fell by an average of nearly one- third (31%) globally between 1970 and 2006, with the decline especially severe in the tropics (59%) and in freshwater ecosystems (41%).” It reported that, “The news is not good. We continue to lose biodiversity at a rate never before seen in history,” and it warned that “massive further loss is increasingly likely.”
“The CBD lists two “indirect” drivers behind the loss of wildlife: population growth and rising consumption. If world’s leaders continue to focus on boosting consumption and we don’t do a lot more to prevent unwanted pregnancies in the world, the outlook for the Gulf area and the world is grim.”
William Ryerson is founder and President of Population Media Center, and President of the Population Institute. He has a 38-year history of working in the field of reproductive health, including two decades of experience adapting the Sabido methodology for behavior change communications to various cultural settings worldwide. In 2006, he was awarded the Nafis Sadik Prize for Courage from the Rotarian Action Group on Population and Development. William received a B.A. in Biology (Magna Cum Laude) from Amherst College and an M.Phil. in Biology from Yale University.
*** Stephanie Mills (Ecology fellow)
SCREW NATURE. WE WANT WAL-MART!
“The map of the area threatened by the BP blowout, comprising nearly half of the US’s coastal wetlands, looks like tattered lace. It’s a realm of islands, shoals, estuaries, marshes, swamps, bayous, and creeks, land speckled across water, water twining across land, all of it in flux. There appears to be an infinity of shoreline, with a near infinity of oil to be washed by tides and blown by hurricanes and carried by ocean currents into those wetlands to be caught in the reeds and sea grasses, to clog the silts and sands and choke the dwellings of the minuscule life forms that constitute the basis of the enormous banquet of life the Gulf of Mexico has immemorially provided.
“It’s crucial habitat for countless species of birds and other animals, to say nothing of the gumbo of Southern Louisiana’s cultures. Much of the reporting on the blowout has rightly concerned the human economy of the Gulf, the peril spilled oil poses to place-based industries like the fishing and tourism. Yet the damage to nature’s economy will be incalculable. No matter how sincerely or mediagenically our political leadership vows to fix things and hold the perpetrators to account, ecological disasters of this magnitude admit of no relief.
“Excepting its magnitude, BP’s Deepwater Horizon gusher is an almost routine occurrence. Since 1996, reports Robert Kennedy, there have been 39 blowouts in wells in the Gulf of Mexico prior to this gargantuan event. An outright ban on offshore oil drilling is the only sure way to prevent such a thing from ever happening again. Vastly outnumbering the killed and injured workers, whose loss alone is infinitely grievous, the majority of the victims of this dependency—the wildlife, the landscapes, and the future generations of human beings—are voiceless. Bereft of clout, their claims are faint as compared to the din of PR, the white noise of the status quo, and our general human aversion to sacrifice and inability to defer gratification.”
Stephanie Mills is a renowned author and lecturer on bioregionalism, ecological restoration, community economics, and voluntary simplicity. Stephanie has lectured at numerous institutions, including the E.F. Schumacher Society, the Chicago Academy of Sciences, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design. In 1996 she was named by Utne Reader as one of the world’s leading visionaries.
*** Warren Karlenzig (Urban Sustainability Fellow)
AMERICAN DRIVERS NEED TO SHOULDER GULF COAST BURDEN
“We aren’t looking at the real cause, which is not just demand, but demand created by inherently inefficient suburban planning. The majority of Gulf oil is being used to power cars and trucks serving suburban U.S. homes and business. We need to plan a way to reduce suburban/ exurban impact on nation’s oil use. Gulf communities, and other communities worldwide (Niger River Delta) are shouldering the burdens of American drivers. Citizens in suburbs nationwide should start a campaign to drive less and donate the resulting savings to Gulf fishing industry, as it’s their fossil fuel heavy lifestyle that has helped create the tragedy.
We aren’t looking at the real cause, which is not just demand, but demand created by inherently inefficient suburban planning. The majority of Gulf oil is being used to power cars and trucks serving suburban U.S. homes and business. We need to plan a way to reduce suburban/ exurban impact on the nation’s oil use. Gulf communities, and other communities worldwide (Niger River Delta) are shouldering the burdens of American drivers. Suburban citizens nationwide should start a campaign to drive less and donate the resulting savings to Gulf fishing industry, as it’s their fossil fuel – heavy lifestyle that has made this type of tragedy inevitable.
It’s also of interest to note that solar cells or wind power have nothing to do with this issue in terms of current solutions. Oil is not used to power electricity or heating anymore in the US (only 2%, versus 67% for transportation: http://www.relocalize.net/files/MOVE_TransportationUses2%5B1%5D.gif)
We need to rethink our community planning if we want to reduce our oil dependency , climate impacts and economic viability. Economics are already dictating that car-dependent sprawled communities cannot compete with market demands for denser, mixed use, transit-oriented communities. Higher oil prices, climate change and oil-related mega disasters like the Gulf oil spill will make exurban sprawl obsolete by the end of the decade.”
Warren is on the board of directors for the Climate Change Center and the Korea Green Foundation, and has lectured in three continents, appearing in global media including The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, People’s Daily (China), BBC, CNN and CNBC.
*** David Hughes (Fossil Fuels Fellow)
APPROACHING THE END OF OIL: THE LAST FRONTIER
“The BP Deepwater Horizon was the latest but certainly not the last major oil spill. Although it was pushing the limits of water depth and sub-seafloor depth—at 5,000 and 13,000 feet respectively—it was far from the record book, as wells have been drilled in more than 9,000 feet of water reaching more than 25,000 feet deep. Mother Nature is unknowable to the last detail in such physical conditions, and therefore it is impossible to eliminate risk completely. Why are we doing this? Because this is the very last frontier for oil extraction.
“The cost of Deepwater Horizon in both ecological and monetary terms will be phenomenal. Yet it is unlikely to significantly impact the race for offshore oil to fuel the addiction of our growth-based society, which now consumes more than 30 billion barrels per year (equivalent to the daily output of 17,000 Deepwater Horizon wells, which is a very productive well as oil wells go). Ultimately, this race will lead to ever-diminishing returns, owing to declining energy return on investment and escalating ecological and monetary costs.”
David Hughes is a geoscientist who has studied the energy resources of Canada for nearly four decades, including 32 years with the Geological Survey of Canada as a scientist and research manager. He developed the National Coal Inventory to determine the availability and environmental constraints associated with Canada’s coal resources. As Team Leader for Unconventional Gas on the Canadian Gas Potential Committee, he coordinated the recent publication of a comprehensive assessment of Canada’s unconventional natural gas potential. He is currently president of a consultancy dedicated to research on energy and sustainability issues.
** Gloria Flora (Public Lands fellow)
THE BUTTERFLY EFFECT: TINY RIPPLES MAKE HUGE, DIRTY WAVES
“We’re largely overlooking the absolute interconnectedness of the effects of the tragedy–stretching into all aspects of life as we know it in that region. Humans (emotional, psychological, economics, food), Physical (air, beaches, contamination of the whole water column, loss of barrier islands) and Biological (plants, microbes, aquatic life, birds, mammals). The tragedy in the Gulf parallels other current ecosystem collapses (polar ice sheets, glacier-dependent systems, island inundation from sea level rise) and even our global economic system, 80% of which is dependent on natural resources. It’s all connected but we continue to turn a blind eye.”
Gloria Flora is founder and Director of Sustainable Obtainable Solutions, an organization dedicated to the sustainability of public lands and of the plants, animals and communities that depend on them. In her 22-year career with the U.S. Forest Service, Gloria became nationally known for her leadership in ecosystem management and for her courageous principled stands: as supervisor of the Lewis and Clark National Forest in north-central Montana, she made a landmark decision to prohibit natural gas leasing along the 356,000-acre Rocky Mountain Front. She serves on the Montana Climate Change Advisory Committee and works throughout the U.S. with the Center for Climate Strategies in assisting states develop climate change action plans.
*** David Fridley (Renewable Energy & Biofuels Fellow)
HOOK OR CROOK: CALIFORNIA WILL REDUCE OIL CONSUMPTION
“Is offshore drilling environmentally responsible? This is a multifaceted problem. California produces about 1/3rd of its crude consumption today, with the balance coming from Alaska and overseas (with Saudi Arabia, Ecuador, and Iraq being the largest foreign suppliers). This means that there are large oil tankers arriving in California almost daily, and these tankers can pose as much of a threat of an environmental disaster as a spill from an offshore oil well. But California and Alaskan production peaked some time ago (California peaked in 1985), so we face a future of even higher levels of tanker traffic (the California Energy Commission forecasts 100-250 additional tanker visits annually by 2030, depending on the size of the ship, and up to 175 additional visits by 2020) as domestic production continues to fall. But even with additional offshore drilling here, it would not make up for continued decline in California and Alaska production, so imports would need to continue in any case, though it would serve to reduce tanker traffic.
What this suggests is that the only truly environmentally responsible way for California to minimize the threat of future damage from oil spills is to cut consumption of oil, and this state is woefully unprepared to deal with this third option, although it will come about, either through intention or as a consequence of declining global production.”
Since 1995, David Fridley has been a staff scientist at the Energy Analysis Program at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California. He is also deputy group leader of Lawrence Berkeley’s China Energy Group, which collaborates with China on end-user energy efficiency, government energy management programs, and energy policy research. Mr. Fridley has nearly 30 years of experience working and living in China in the energy sector, and is a fluent Mandarin speaker. He spent 12 years working in the petroleum industry both as a consultant on downstream oil markets in the Asia-Pacific region and as business development manager for Caltex China. He has written and spoken extensively on the energy and ecological limits of biofuels.
ABOUT THE POST CARBON INSTITUTE
Post Carbon Institute provides individuals, communities, businesses, and governments with the resources needed to understand and respond to the interrelated economic, energy, and environmental crises that define the 21st century. PCI envisions a world of resilient communities and re-localized economies that thrive within ecological bounds. http://www.postcarbon.org